Nestled near the downtown area, the Tenderloin has historically resisted gentrification , maintaining a seedy character and reputation for crime. Part of the neighborhood forms part of the theater district. The neighborhood had many bars dating to prohibition and before with dive bars , including some left over from when the neighborhood housed large numbers of merchant seamen but most of those have closed or been transformed. One bar is built on the site of a previous speakeasy , Bourbon and Branch, at the corner of Jones and O'Farrell Streets.
The original speakeasy was restored in the bar's basement, including many of the original decorations. Many bars have entertainment including the historic drag bar Aunt Charlie's. Historically, the Tenderloin has had a number of strip clubs , although their number has decreased in recent decades.
The Tenderloin is also a hub for the gender diverse community. The categories of LGBTIQ created a new gender politics that helped to distinguish between the different groups; the Tenderloin was heavily populated by the transgender community. Many street activists paved the way for change, such as Anne Ogborn. He described his visit to a bar in the Tenderloin where the bar tender told him about a dancer by the name of Cookie, who was severely crippled and had a child suffering from leukemia.
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The position held by policy-makers regarding gentrification is often divided, with one side of the debate arguing that it is of benefit to the public economy and revitalisation of the built setting, whilst the other side argues that the huge social costs and displacement of people, especially the poor, outweigh all potential strengths of the process.
The Tenderloin is a high-crime neighborhood, particularly violent street crime such as robbery and aggravated assault. Seven of the top 10 violent crime plots out of in the entire city as measured by the San Francisco Police Department are adjacent plots in the Tenderloin and Sixth and Market area. In the late s to the mids, the gang was involved in extortion, drug sales, and murder for hire.
Graffiti art and tagging are a common problem in the neighborhood. Dealing and use of illicit drugs occurs on the streets. Property crimes are common, especially theft from parked vehicles. Violent acts occur more often here and are generally related to drugs. The area has been the scene of escalating drug violence in , including brazen daylight shootings, as local gangs from San Francisco, and others from around the Bay Area battle for turf.
The first block of Turk Street, between Taylor and Mason, had one of the highest rates of violence and drug activity in San Francisco, according to a survey conducted by the Tenderloin Housing Clinic.
TIMES SQUARE QUEER [Paperback Collection with Bonus Material] by Mykola Dementiuk
On January 31, , parking was banned on both sides of the street in an effort to reduce violence and drug activity. Without parked cars to hide illegal activity, there were fewer loiterers, and a decrease in drug activity. Additionally, on April 10, , notorious serial killer Richard Ramirez committed his first known murder in a hotel basement, where he was living, in the Tenderloin district. High prevalence of sex work in the Tenderloin area has been associated with a high rate of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, especially among men who have sex with other men and those who also inject drugs.
Contributing factors include a lack of sex education and safe sex practices, including condom use. The Tenderloin has been the home of Raphael House , the first provider in the city of shelter for homeless parents and children, since It is an ethnically diverse community, consisting of families, young people living in cheap apartments, downtown bohemian artists, and recent immigrants from Latin America and Southeast Asia.
It is home to a large population of homeless, those living in extreme poverty, and numerous non-profit social service agencies, soup kitchens, religious rescue missions, homeless shelters and single room occupancy hotels. Lack of appropriately targeted options available in the area has meant many youths will have few viable paths to deal effectively with their problems. The Tenderloin Housing Clinic has offered important social services to the poor of this neighborhood for decades. According to its director, Randy Shaw, the clinic's "mission is to prevent tenant displacement, preserve and expand the city's low cost housing stock and to provide comprehensive legal assistance to low income tenants.
The Clinic is successful in fulfilling this mission by providing free legal services, securing SRO units through the Master Lease program and offering comprehensive support services to our clients.
‘What Do You Say About Homosexuals?’
The Care Through Touch Institute, located between Hyde and Leavenworth Streets, offers free seated massage therapy to clients in the Tenderloin community. Religious institutions providing community services to the Tenderloin include Glide Memorial Church , which was reinvigorated by Cecil Williams in , St. These all provide meals and other social services to poor and homeless residents and others. Glide and the surrounding neighborhood provided much of the setting for the film The Pursuit of Happyness.
In , The Salvation Army opened the Ray and Joan Kroc Community Center, a multipurpose center featuring a gym, swimming pool and fitness center among other amenities. Adjacent to the Kroc center is Railton Place, a unit apartment complex run by the Salvation Army for former foster youth, homeless veterans, and adults recovering from addictions.
In , the Tenderloin Community Benefit District TLCBD announced the implementation of a new public-private initiative, Operation Leadership, which aims to help strengthen existing street cleaning and beautification services.
As transgender women often face barriers such as discrimination and stigma when accessing health care, and show reluctance to disclose their gender when seeking health related services, a collaborative project named 'TRANS' was set up near the Tenderloin to appropriately address the multifaceted needs of this diverse population, as well as offering support. In their study, Sausa, Keatley, Operario concluded that sex work for transgender women of colour must be viewed as a forced consequence of structural barriers that they face, as well as an informed choice for survival as a result of these barriers.
The Tenderloin Senior Organizing Project TSOP; formerly known as the Tenderloin Senior Outreach Project  was initiated when local university staff realized that many seniors felt afraid of crime, rent increases, and inadequate income. Larkin Street Youth Services is a non-profit organization that offers a continuum of services that inspires youth to move beyond the street.
Services run the gamut from street outreach and temporary shelters to transitional living programs, health and wellness services, and comprehensive education and employment programs. In the Tenderloin Reflection and Education Center TREC spun off from St Anthony foundation and operated a cultural center including dance, music, writing quilting, and other arts workshops in the St. Boniface Neighborhood Center.
‘Wilding' in the West Village: Queer Space, Racism and Jane Jacobs Hagiography
Tender Leaves, the Center's literary journal was published from to Since then, others have come about to fill the gap including the Tenderloin Reading Series , which is a quarterly literary event in the neighborhood as well as The Tender , a local journal focusing on the events, food, and politics of the neighborhood. In , Gray Area Foundation for the Arts was formed to produce, exhibit, and develop creativity with the most contemporary new media technologies.
Historically, the downtown Tenderloin had no parks between Union Square to the East and Civic Center Plaza to the West until a number of activists, who organized the City's Citizens Committee for Open Space, advocated for more open space in the Tenderloin in the s. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, Please log in.
If you previously purchased this article, Log in to Readcube. Log out of Readcube. Click on an option below to access. Log out of ReadCube. In urban studies, New York's West Village is famous for two principal reasons: as the paradigmatic ideal neighborhood in Jane Jacobs' influential The Death and Life of Great American Cities and as the site of one of the s' great urban uprisings, the Stonewall riot in First, I historicize the current neighborhood tensions in the context of racialized media reporting of homophobic hate crime.
Finally, with reference to the forced closure of the African American bar Chi Chiz, I illustrate how the symbolic nightlife economy remains a key target in the city's regulation of queer space. Volume 39 , Issue 2. The full text of this article hosted at iucr. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account.
If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Johan Andersson Corresponding Author E-mail address: johan. Authorities say there's no evidence of connection to terrorism. A police officer in Tulsa, Oklahoma, was acquitted by a jury of killing a black motorist after claiming she feared for her life he was unarmed.
Now the city is facing peaceful protests and the mayor held a press conference to express concerns about racial disparities in the city. In other news, a man was sentenced to 19 years in prison for shooting a police dog during a chase. This was in Cincinnati. The dog survived. Chelsea Manning tweeted out a pic today finally revealing her appearance post-prison release.
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